Introduction to sentence construction

A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on its own.

Eg: Naz went to the shops.

A sentence always has a subject (eg ‘Naz’) and a verb (‘went’).

‘To the shops’ is not a sentence, because it does not give enough


You need to know who (subject) did what (verb).

A sentence always starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.),

question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!).

For example:

• The cat ate the food. (a fact or statement)

• Do you want more? (a question)

• You must go! (a command or shout)


• Sentences can be very short (2 words) or long.

• If they are too long, they can be difficult to read and understand.

• Before you write, you should be able to say the whole sentence to

yourself. If you can’t, it might be too long.