TRANSITIONAL WORDS AND PHRASE SHOWING                                                                                 RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN AND BETWEEN SENTENCES


Transitional words and phrases connect and relate ideas, sentences, and paragraphs. They assist in the logical flow of ideas as they signal the relationship between sentences and paragraphs. In prose, the material is supported and conditioned not only by the ordering of the material (its position) but by connectives which signal order, relationship and movement.

Some of the more commonly used connectives are listed below. Note especially how these connections function to develop, relate, connect and move ideas.

1. To signal addition of ideas


2. To signal time

3. To signal order or sequence


4. To signify space and place


5. To signal an example


6. To show results

7. To signal purpose

8. To signal comparisons

9. To indicate contrast

10. To signal alternatives, exceptions and objections

11. To dispute


12. To intensify

13. To summarize or repeat

1. and, also, besides, further, furthermore, too, moreover, in addition, then, of equal importance, equally important, another

2. next, afterward, finally, later, last, lastly, at last, now, subsequently, then, when, soon, thereafter, after a short time, the next week (month, day, etc.), a minute later, in the meantime, meanwhile, on the following day, at length, ultimately, presently
3. first, second, (etc.), finally, hence, next, then, from here on, to begin with, last of all, after, before, as soon as, in the end, gradually
4. above, behind, below, beyond, here, there, to the right (left), nearby, opposite, on the other side, in the background, directly ahead, along 
the wall, as you turn right, at the tip, across the hall, at this point, adjacent to
5. for example, to illustrate, for instance, to be specific, such as, moreover, furthermore, just as important, similarly, in the same way
6. hence, so, accordingly, as a consequence, consequently, 
thus, since, therefore, for this reason, because of this
7. to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, for this reason, for these reasons
8. like, in the same (like) manner or way, similarly
9. but, in contrast, conversely, however, still, nevertheless, nonetheless, yet, and yet, on the other hand, of course, on the contrary, or, in spite of this, actually, a year ago, now, notwithstanding, for all that, strangely enough, ironically
10. although, though, while, despite, to be sure, it is true, true, I grant, granted, I admit, admittedly, doubtless, I concede, regardless
11. it isn’t true that, people are wrong who say that, deny that, be that as it may, by the same token, no doubt, we often hear it said, many people claim, many people suppose, it used to be thought, in any case
12. above all, first and foremost, importantly, again, to be sure, indeed, in fact, as a matter of fact, as I have said, as has been noted
13. in summary, to sum up, to repeat, briefly, in short, finally, on the whole, therefore, as I have said, in conclusion, as you can see